Home   /   Contact us

فارسی   /   Mobile

Friday 1 July 2022




Chaharmahal Bakhtiari Province

Chaharmahal Bakhtiari province is one of the provinces of Iran, and the center of this province is Shahrekord. With 16,421 square kilometers, this province is the 22ndlargest province of Iran in size. Chaharmahal Bakhtiari is considered as one of the mountainous areas of Iran’s central plateau and is located between a latitude of 31°9' to 32°38' N and a longitude of 49°30' to 51°26' E. This province is bounded on the north and east by Isfahan, on the west by Khuzestan, on the south by Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad, and on the northwest by Lorestan.

This province now includes 6 cities of Shahrekord, Boroujen, Farsan, Lordegan, Ardal, and Kouhrang along with 26 towns, 25 districts, 50 administrative divisions (dehestans), and 967 villages.

Population: 895,263

1. Natural Features

This province has 1% of Iran’s land and is located in Zagros Mountains. Despite its limited land, the province has 10% of the country’s water resources. Thanks to its vast mountainous nature and thanks to being in the way of Mediterranean humid winds, this province has a rather acceptable rainfall. Atmospheric precipitations, snow, and rain are the sources of Karun and Zayanderud Rivers.

Out of the total land of the province which is 1,400,000 hectares, about 86.6% is the national lands consisting of forests and pastures, out of which the forests with a coverage of 307,000 hectares and the pastures with a coverage of 1,093,000 hectares enjoy 22% and 78% of the national lands, respectively. According to available statistics, the forests of this province with a coverage of 307,000 hectares (i.e., 18.5% of the extent of the province) enjoy 2.5% of the total 12.4 million hectares of the country’s forests. About 19% of the forests with 63 tree species have been known so far. The most important forest societies in the province include oaks, Persian turpentine tree, almonds, Acer monspessulanum (also known as Montpellier Maple), Fraxinus excelsior (also known as ash, European ash, or common ash), willows, plane trees, junipers, broad-leaved and softwood communities. Out of the available forest societies, oak community and its societies are the most important and most widespread forest community of the province. The Iranian oak species quercus persica is the most indigenous species of the forests of the province and species like maples, Persian turpentine tree, almonds, witch elms, Avicenna marina, hawthorns, myrtles, junipers, and so on are other available species.

As to height and its dense plant coverage, the central pattern of this region is quite conspicuous. This region is very remarkable and exceptional. Based on research, each hectare in this region is 180 times more valuable than Iran’s average, thanks to its richness in plant species and wildlife.

This province is a mountainous, sloping region with abundant waterfalls, wetlands, and springs, and it is the permanent ground for Karun River. The huge height range, various geographical directions, and abundant water resources leading to the current climatic variety in the region have produced unique habitats and sites.

The created subsidence along with tectonic movements of Zagros and the water out of snowmelts on the elevated mountains have produced multiple wetlands in the province. Also, there are various ecosystems in this province, including mountainous, marshy, pastoral, and forest ecosystems that are home to a myriad of unique and indigenous plant and animal species.

2. Cultural, Economic, and Social Outlook

  • Economy

Although Chaharmahal Bakhtiari province is known in the country for its agriculture, gardening, and animal husbandry, industry is also booming in this province. Thanks to abundant water resources, this province is one of the well-known provinces in fish farming, or pisciculture. Based on the statistics in 2011, 20% of the country’s cold-water fish was produced in Chaharmahal Bakhtiari province. This province has been recognized as the center for producing Iran’s cold-water fish for 5 consecutive years.

Thanks to its unique geographical position and thanks to rich water resources, Chaharmahal Bakhtiari province is one the most suitable regions for cultivating and growing garden crops in Iran, especially almonds. With the production of more than 20% of all the country’s almonds, this province has ranked the first in producing almonds in Iran.

The major industries in this province are dependent on agriculture, forests, and grassland to meet their raw materials because this region has a very prosperous agriculture as well as extensive and multitudinous forests. The major industries here are food industries, small and workshop industries, and wood. Because of the supremacy of rural and nomadic lifestyle, the development of industries is not that in progress. The major industrial factories in the province are the following: Shahrekord Sugar Co., Shahrekord Textile Co., Shahrekord Cement Industries Co., Farokhshahr Steel Industries Co., Barfab Household Appliances Co., Farsan Gypsum Factory, Boroujen Textile Co., Boroujen Flour Producing Co., and Shahrekord Milk and Dairy Industries Co.

In 2013, the business of mines and industries section (i.e., mining, industry, power supply, gas, water, and building) was the most important part of the business of the working people in Chaharmahal Bakhtiari province. This section provides jobs for 123,44 employees which is about 43.47% of the employment in the province. In the same year, the activities in services section are taken as the second major job-producing area in the triad activities of Chaharmahal Bakhtiari province, encompassing 35.30% of the employment which is equal to 125,000 employees in the province. Compared to services, mines, and industries sections, the agriculture section (i.e., farming, hunting, forestry, and fishery) in this province ranks low as to job production, and it has only provided jobs for 60,028 employees which is 21.23% of the employment in the province.

  • Cultural and Social Features

The cultural heritage of this land, as the safe haven for the Aryans, is the greatest cradle of human’s millennial culture and civilization, which still has precious historical and cultural monuments left by our ancestors as well as traditional arts and antediluvian handicrafts. The presence of human societies in Chaharmahal Bakhtiari province along with cultural activities, agriculture, and animal husbandry date back to thousands of years ago. In addition to the residence of local societies along the riverbanks’ mountainous regions, this land is a part of the route for the migration of Bakhtiari nomads. The spring and fall migration of the nomads and their unique traditions and customs provide unparalleled landscapes for tourists and visitors of this region. Also, handicrafts (e.g., kilims, carpets, felts, etc.) as well as local music and dance of the permanent residents and nomads have a high potential to attract national and international tourists.

Thanks to being a rural-nomadic region, the lifestyle, the dominant tradition and customs, and the structure of the villages all attest to traditional and modern rural-nomadic stabilities in the region.

The languages of Bakhtiari, Farsi, Turkish, and Armenian are common among the residents of this province. The lifestyle in Chaharmahal Bakhtiari province could be completely distinguished: civil, rural, and nomadic.

3. Natural and International Sites ― National and International Researchable Areas

  • National and Natural Sites

In line with international standards, the Department of Environment protects some regions, each of which has its own terms and conditions. These regions include national parks, national and natural monuments, wildlife sanctuaries, and protected or conservation areas.

Chaharmahal Bakhtiari province has 1 national park, 5 protected or conservation areas, 1 national monument, and 2 hunting ban areas. Also, there are 2 permanent wetlands and 4 seasonal wetlands in this province. Moreover, there are more than 651 registered cultural and historical monuments in Chaharmahal Bakhtiari province.

  • Natural and International Sites
  • Choghakhor Wetland
  • Sabzkouh and Tang-e Sayad Biosphere Reserve
  • Completed and Ongoing Projects
  • MENARID Project

In harmony with the Integrated and Sustainable Development Plan of Middle East and Northern Africa countries, MENARID International Project is under way in 7 countries of Jordan, Algeria, Iran, Tunisia, Morocco, Egypt, and Yemen. This project started in Iran in August 2011 in coordination with Global Environment Facility (GEF), United Nations Development Program (UNDP), and Forests, Range, and Watershed Management Organization of I.R. of Iran.

One of the sections of the above project relates to Great Karun drainage basin that covers more than 30% of the province.

  • Central Zagros Biodiversity Project

This project is in progress via coordinating biodiversity conservation and sustainable exploitation with the activities in agriculture section, forestry, water, and tourism with the aim of protecting the landscape of Central Zagros. The project is under way as far as 2.5 million hectares of land in coordination with Global Environment Facility (GEF), United Nations Development Program (UNDP), Department of Environment, Ministry of Agriculture Jihad, Ministry of Energy, and Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts, and Tourism Organization. More than 70% of the province is located in this project.

  • Conservation of Iranian Wetlands Project

This project is an international one in which the Department of Environment, as the national coordinator, is executing the project in collaboration with Global Environment Facility (GEF) and United Nations Development Program (UNDP).

Gandoman and Choghakhor Wetlands are in the domain of the above project in Chaharmahal Bakhtiari province.

300px_Mellat.jpg zammankhan.jpg
flowers_2.jpg Animals_12.jpg
talab04.jpg talab05.jpg
talab07.jpg talab07.jpg

All rights belong to Shahrekord University